Hell’s Gate National Park Holiday Travel
Hell’s Gate National Park covers an area of 68.25 square km and is situated in the environs of Lake Naivasha about 90 km from Nairobi. The park is 14 km after the turnoff from the old Nairobi-Naivasha highway. It is Kenya’s Smallest National parks, but has a lot of unusual features and charm.
It is characterized by diverse topography and geological scenery. It is an important home of the lammergeyer (The Bearded Vulture).
Hell’s Gate has two gates that are used by visitors – the main Elsa Gate and the Olkaria Gate. The latter also serves the Olkaria Geothermal Station that is located inside the National Park.
Above ground the parks’ volcanic history is clearly visible in the form of towering ochre-coloured cliffs, looming lava-rock towers, gorges and caves. There is still evidence of the layer of volcanic ash that covered the surface of the park when Mt. Longonot last erupted around 100 years ago. Below the surface, geothermal forces bubble and hiss, pushing hot water to the surface in the form of steam jets, geysers, hot springs and even hot waterfalls.
The geothermal activity has been harnessed by three power stations, which together provide a sizable portion of Kenya’s electricity. Although it is perhaps a little disconcerting to come upon the associated signs of industry within a national park, the geothermal power stations are very interesting to visit as part of your excursion to Hell’s Gate.
Interestingly, Hell’s Gate National Park did not get its’ name from the hissing and bubbling hot waters, but is named after a narrow gate-like break in the red stone cliffs. The name was coined by the explorers Fischer and Thomson in 1883, after they were defeated at that point during a battle against the resident Maasai tribesmen. Today the park is a peaceful place to get back to Nature and have the unique opportunity of walking or cycling among the resident wildlife.
What to Do in and around Hell’s Gate National Park
- Game Drives
- Rock Climbing
- Bird watching
- Visiting the geothermal power stations
- Visits to the Maasai Cultural Centre
- Excursions to Lake Naivasha and Crescent Island Game Park
Game drives while at Hells gate:
Hells gate National Park cannot be compared to some of Kenya’s Big Five national parks when it comes to having game drives. Although it is bit sedate it is really wonderfully liberating to be able to leave your vehicle whenever you like to snap that perfect photo or stretch your legs. The best time to set off to see the game is early morning and late afternoon, but there is always something to see whatever time of day you go. The animals are remarkably habituated to vehicles and barely take any notice of visitors, which allows you to get really up close.
Hiking at Hells gate:
Hell’s Gate is a very popular Kenya hiking destination, and it’s close proximity to Nairobi (about 2 hours by road) make it ideal for weekend breaks from the city. The Buffalo Circuit is a well-marked trail that starts near the main Elsa gate and rambles over the hills for about 14km before re-joining the main valley. There are excellent views and usually plenty of wildlife to see along the way.
At the southern end of the main Hell’s Gate gorge, close to the Central Tower, another walk descends into the Lower Gorge (Ol Njorowa) (Parts of this route can be quite dangerous particularly after rain when the rocks are slippery, and we recommend you hire a guide). The approximately 2 hour walk through the gorge is amazing and in places the water-eroded walls are so close together at the top that they almost block out your view of the sky! You will come across hot and cold waterfalls, hot water springs and very beautifully coloured rock striations and formations.
Rock Climbing at Hells gate National Park
Rock Climbing is another popular adventure activity in Hell’s Gate National Park, and you can hire a guide and all the climbing gear you need onsite. Most people tackle Fischer’s Tower, but you can also attempt Main Wall, a very steep cliff at the entrance to the gorge.
Cycling at Hells gate National Park
Cycling is probably the most rewarding way to make your way through Hell’s Gate National Park. Bicycles can be hired at the park and cycling will give you the opportunity to get really close to the very relaxed wildlife. You can get all the information you need regarding the various cycling trails, including a park map, from the visitors Information kiosk at the main Elsa gate.
Bird Watching at Hells gate National Park:
Bird Watchers will have a great momment at Hell’s Gate since Numerous species of birds have made this picturesque park their home including some rather unusual ones such as the Maasai Ostrich, and a good compliment of raptors including Verreaux’s Eagle, and the Lammergeyer.
Ol Karia Geothermal Power Station
This is another unusual activity for visitors to a National Park, but nonetheless it is a very interesting one. Come and see how the massive underground thermal energy has been harnessed to help provide for Kenya’s ever-increasing need for electricity.
Maasai Culture Centre at Hells gate National Park
As a visitor, you will always enjoy the traditional lifestyle of the Maasai tribesmen who have lived in the Hell’s Gate region for hundreds of years.
It is recommended that you should always visit to near-by Lake Naivasha which will reward you with yet more excellent bird watching and a chance to take a boat trip out on the lake to see Hippos and Crocodiles. Try to visit Crescent Island to see large numbers of Pelicans and Egrets and hear the plaintive call of the African Fish Eagles who breed on the island.
What to See at Hell’s Gate National Park
The volcanic landscape is extraordinary Magnificient! The most intriguing features of the park that you should not miss are the following:
- Central Tower and Fischer’s Tower – two volcanic lava plugs, over 25mt high
- Hell’s Gate gorge
- Lower (Ol Njorowa) gorge
- The Obsidian Caves – the black glass-like rock here is the result of rapid cooling of the molten lava as it was submerged in water.
Fisher’s Tower and Central Tower
Fisher’s Tower and Central Tower were both formed around the same time by semi-molten rock which was forced to the surface through a fissure, where the rock gradually cooled and solidified. Fischer’s Tower is located close to the main Elsa Gate, and according to the local Maasai folklore, this tower represents a Maasai girl who was turned into stone for disobeying her family before her wedding.
There are picnic sites and view sites dotted around the park, some with really fabulous views of the striated cliff faces, birds nesting sites and the two volcanic towers.
Lower (Ol Njorowa) Gorge
Ol Njorowa gorge is the most fascinating attraction in the park, but you should avoid hiking the gorge during rainy weather, as the floor is subject to flash-floods. Many visitors will recognize the amazing gorge as the setting for several movies, including the Lion King and Lara Croft.
The Wildlife at Hells gate National park
The resident wildlife includes the following animals:
- Several species of gazelle and antelope
- Monkeys and Baboons
- Civet Cats
- Cheetah, Lion and Leopard – very seldom spotted.
Birds include the following:
- Maasai Ostrich
- Mottled Swifts
- Peregrine Falcons
- Verreaux’s Eagle
- Steppe Buzzand
- Lammergeyer (Bearded Vulture)
Where to Stay at Hell’s Gate National Park
There are a number of quite basic campsites in the park which have running water and pit-toilets for the lovers of basic campsites. The views are absolutely stunning and make up for the lack of facilities! For those of you who like your home comforts, there are several safari lodges around the shores of Lake Naivasha. The commonly and popularly used Safari Lodges are the Naivasha Simba Lodge which is situated right on the shores of the lake and has 70 delightfully spacious en-suite rooms with a step-down seating area with TV. The lodge offers a range of activities and has an excellent Health Centre and a solar-heated swimming pool and Sopa Lodge Naivasha which is similarly situated right on the banks of the lake and offers visitors the chance to see the resident Giraffe, Waterbuck and mischievous Monkeys without leaving your room. This resort also has two swimming pools and a good health Centre.
How to Get to Hell’s Gate National Park
The park is easy to access by road from Nairobi in around 2 hours. Its location in the heart of the Kenya Rift Valley makes it very easy to include on a more exclusive Kenya safari like the Big 5 Kenya Safari, the amazing Maasai Mara Safari with Lake Nakuru National Park Safari which is also some minutes drive away.
Other Destinations in Kenya
- Visit Shaba National Reserve
- Visit Aberdare
- Visit Amboseli
- Visit Buffalo Springs National Reserve
- Visit Gede Ruins
- Visit Hell’s Gate National Park
- Visit Kenya Coast
- Visit Laikipia
- Visit Lake Baringo
- Visit Lake Bogoria
- Visit Lake Elementaita
- Visit Lake Magadi
- Visit Lake Naivasha
- Visit Lamu
- Visit Lewa Conservancy
- Visit Masai Mara
- Visit Meru
- Visit Mount Elgon National Park
- Visit Mount Longonot National park
- Visit Mt Kenya
- Visit Nairobi National Park
- Visit Nakuru
- Visit Northern Kenya
- Visit Saiwa Swamp National Park
- Visit Samburu
- Visit Simba Hills
- Visit The Matthews Range
- Visit Tsavo East National Park
- Visit Tsavo West National Parks
- Visit Western Turkana